Russian economic growth have not been evenly distributed across different areas, but the general background is still in Georgia contributed to the slow pace of development of the productive forces. It is also indisputable, the economic development of the country in a relatively stable political situation was required. To some extent this has played a role - the Turkish and Iranian threat is no longer the.
also contributed to the trade of the Ottoman Empire and Persia, near the location of; Russian Economic Interests, these two big countries of increased economic cooperation and more products are sent to the European (British and French) products for effective competition. Accordingly, The geographical proximity of the Ottoman Empire and Persia, first of all, Trade and other economic activity was reflected in an increase of.
However, it should be noted, Russian Empire in the period progressed through a variety of different fields. Consider Winery: From the outset, it must be said, In general the Romanovs were interested in Georgia viticulture development, However, the Russian imperial government questioned the ability of the local population, the development of agriculture and the vine Georgian jishebsa rejects .
for example, Already during the viceroy Vorontsov (with reference to his own) Georgia has brought many European grape varieties. This could dramatically changed Wine production / quality, European varieties because in Georgia there was no need to import real. The reason was simple: Local Vine (Georgian) foreign varieties were far better quality.
Russian bureaucracy by European grape varieties of viticulture gapetishebam damaged. Crimea was imported from European breeds of the vehicles XIX century 50-ies of the vine disease oidiumi (Obi), Later mildiu (ash) and what pilokse.
Guria and Samegrelo, Thanks to favorable conditions (Humidity and heat simultaneously), oidiumi quickly spread. high vineyards vineyard has become impossible to treat and productivity greatly reduced. almost completely destroyed the old good varieties Ojaleshi Chkhaveri, which took place gradually much inferior Isabel. The importance of winemaking regions as the economic life of the place. fungal diseases and some damage to the Imereti RACHA_LECHKHUMI of winemaking, But the spread of disease at the moment there have been cultivated on lowlands prevailed wine culture and the villagers managed to save his life.
XIX century in the 70s in the area of vineyards in Western Georgia (excluding in-Abkhazia) 38,144 acre equal (Russian-acre unit of measurement and 1,08 ha equals). Out of Imereti was 19,570 Des. Racha - 1,800 Des. Racha - 1,274 Des. Guria and Samegrelo - 15,500 Dessiatina. Imereti annually in an average 1,907,000, Racha-Lechkhumi - 767 800, Guria and Samegrelo - 250,100 wine bucket. 1,878 The governor wrote in, the wine has fallen Samegrelo-Guria, and Imereti and Racha-Lechkhumi This industry is developing very quickly.
of the winemaking region was the most important hub. Reform in this sector in the next era of growth observed in Kartli. 70-ies of vineyards: Inner Kakheti 12 Des thousand., outer east and central regions - 6 252 Dessiatina. East Georgia in an annual average 2,500,000 wine bucket.
XIX century 70-90-ies viticulture geographical move to some changes happening. vine disease struck down this kind of Guria and Samegrelo. Imereti and Kartli viticulture contributed to the rise of the railroad. Wine shipping spending from Imereti and Kartli enabled winemakers, gain new markets and to compete successfully for Kakhetians. Long Transcaucasian region, remained outside the railway road and the roads they had furnished saurme, Shipping costs significantly increased the cost of the local wine and reduced its competitiveness.
Despite this, Winery still remained in the employment of one or not, The biggest area. He was involved in all segments of the population. For example,, 1898 on reported, in Georgia 120,347 owned farm 46,497 Des. vineyard., The annual wine production 5-6 million of the bucket.
Despite vine diseases, viticulture continued development. increasing productivity, and the end of the XIX century 55%-60% reached. Georgia increased from exports of. so, At the end of the century (1894 sec.) Western Georgia 2,362,000 bucket, Shida Kartli - 660,000, Tbilisi-Borchalo markets - 590,000, Kakheti - 1,500,000 wine bucket passed.
exports accounted for a large part of the Russian Empire in the years 1883-1893 and every year in Russia were up to half a million wine bucket, XX century has been the dawn of Georgia to the Russian wine market average annual Goal 1 Kick million exceeded.
It can be said, the Georgian winery is large, and the forest in the XIX century. senebma brought wine for the reduced number of usable land and a general culture of wine production in popularity. It is therefore particularly gratifying at the same time, the Georgian wine - Ivan Moukhrani and Alexandre's activities, As a result of the factory level with traditional Georgian and European varieties Combining technology known brands formed Georgian.