biodiversity of the region of Central and Eastern Caucasus on the eve of its location conditions. Pshav Xevsureti contains rare species of flora. Among them are more than 20 species included in the Red List. Here we come across a rare species in the region.
endemic level (A proportion of endemic species) Most plant species. Pshav Xevsureti Flora contains Caucasus 212 endemic species, It means, the Caucasus endemic 17 Last here 7 found; Accordingly, Pshav khevsureti the plant species 35.4% Caucasian endemics.
Region - Pshavi and Piraketa Khevsureti (Valley River Basin), Mountains in the middle belt of beech and oak-hornbeam found, subalpine forest zone - high shrubs and subalpine maghalbala- kheuloba; The alpine zone of alpine meadows; Finally, petrophilous Flora can be found in the zone subnival. The four zones of Asa and Argun gorges in (Khevsureti). Pshav Xevsureti forests of alder forest (Alnus Barbata, A. incana) and willow species (Salix exelsa, S.alba), In some places are off (black people) and khvilo (Patraeus people subsp.iberica). Its distribution optimal height asl. 1000 meters. oak formation represented mukhna- AB-hornbeam, Yale-oak groves, oak-nut, forests -shindis, oak-grass, Article- beds-mountain zone is comprised of. higher, gd. 1500-1800 It was replaced by the sun-high oak (Quercus macranthera). These forests Pshav khevsureti carved a place for them and Yale (Rhododendron leteum) and wild fruit - trees, mazhalo, hawthorn and common zghmartlia. North Slope dominant beech (Fagus orientalis), It interferes with hornbeam (Carpinus betulus, C. caucasicus), Maple (Acer Campestre, A. elated), ash (Fraxinus exelios), elm (Ulmus tremula), asp (Pipulus Tremula). more above the birch (Betula pendula), Highland Oaks (Quercus macrathera). Shrubbery worth mentioning nuts (Corylus avellana), dzakhveli (Viburnum opulus), briar (Rosehip) etc.
mountain belt in the middle of forests (1500-1700 m) represented tsiplnarita and oak forests and subalpine forests gradually moves. In this space, characterized by birch forest (Betula litwinowii). Khevsureti in common in the North Caucasus endemic species in the Black Birch (Betula raddeana); After interfere chnavi (sorbus aucuparia, S.caucasigena), Shrubland (salix caprea), and so it is particularly important Khevsureti in the Caucasian pine (Pinus sosnowskyi) The share. birch forests
In some places the shoreline at an altitude of 2500 meters and it interferes with the Deka, Yale, willow, etc..
subalpine meadows rare herbs and more than 200 species, Georgia in the analog- thus the no. The subalpine zone will be spread out- rtselebulia Caucasian deknarebi (Rhododendron caucasicum) and blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilus, V, vitis idaea) Species. It should be noted, Deka that always grows and never on the North Slope - the South. subalpine and alpine zone in common also bibershteinis currant (Ribes biebersteini, R. alpinum), uznari (Viburnum lantana), tsertsva(Lonicera caucasica), Gooseberry (Grossular reclined). rhododendron scrubs termed particularly common in the Argun and Asa subalpine and alpine zones.
Hogweed is spread in the region sonsovskis (Heracleum sonsowksyi). It is quite dangerous plant - sitting naked- ul accessed scratch leaves, Long will soon ulcerate and remain unhealed.
Khevsureti in the Alpine meadows (snowbed) from the level of the sea 2900-3300 meters of. Snowbed create low plants (Czech dried, Camm caucasicum, Poa alpine, Carex micropodioides, Briza marcowiczi, Luzula sudetica, Platago saxatilis, Minuartia oreina). Alpine meadows in the mountain Arkhoti, Guro-Giorgitsminda gorges, khonesa and the Atsunti.
relict and endemic species - Pshav Xevsureti flora is presented in a plant ancient, Local and unique species, for example: yew grove, Caucasian rhododendron (Rhododendron caucasicum),livinois Rades and birch (Betuna a Lithuanian, B.raddeana) and barbed glerdza (Astracanta uncovered, Astragalus denudatus). Only in Georgia Shatili and can be found in the vicinity tsukios haiestanis chnavi (Sorbus hajestana), which until recently was considered to be endemic in Armenia. Pshav Xevsureti only half of the flora of the Caucasus and the characteristic, Unique plants consists of.
Local endemics Pshavi Forest dill (Peucedanum pschavicum), Multi-fixing Baia (It would vary), Shatili anise (Pimpinella schatilensis),
Khevsurian onion(Allium chevsuricum), Ochiauri onion (Allium ochiauries), pataratavtsetskhla (Galepsis nana). are found in the Caucasian endemic. especially rich Roshka Arkhoti-and-visited Migkhevi-Atsunti - Tusheti tourist trails in the surrounding areas.
medicinal and agricultural plants. Pshav khevsureti development of the medicine has a long history. At the bar of the population was forced to distance, for the treatment of complicated ground. In the widely used local Phytogenetic Pool. of medicinal plants is widespread in the river valley water andakis. This is a variety of vitamin-rich hop (Humulus lupulus) and sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides). subalpine and alpine zones are widespread Caucasian rhododendron, briar, Raspberry, ketsera and cranberries. Roshka rocks as well as increasing kharishubla (Senecio platypyllus), which is preparing to cardiac - platyphillin. Khevsureti found dutsi (Angelica tatianae), which is used in the gastrointestinal diseases.