Assessment and Examination Center, the tests of the new model, As a high school diploma, and national tests to. the authors of the idea, the reform in two stages. 2019 Year period will be a kind of preparatory, 2020-will be introduced in the News. However, they added, that universities, schools, education in local and international experts and other stakeholders in the consultations and it is not the final version of the reform. Before that, he was asked a lot of questions, There was a number of critical or supportive opinion. and still, What does the new model tests?
What is changing 2019 in?
If last year to 11th and 12th graders, Overall, 8 exams to submit, In the so-called CAT- he will not have to pass exams. This means, that school graduation certificates issued by the student's academic performance. To, to get student certificate, All subjects in the final rate should be positive, It, at least, 5 or more points of. In adults, who last year were in the 11th grade and failed the exams, or did not show up, Can diploma, If they are all subject to a positive rate – 5 or more points will be able.
2019 In the national examinations of fundamental changes are planned. Here are just a rule change, according to which, If the student optional subject in several disciplines and one of them pointed to the chaichreboda, or not to be announced, grant the possibility of losing. National Assessment and Examination Center of this approach is unfair and in the direction of the change in plans.
What will change 2020 in?
2020 Entrance exams will be held in three compulsory subjects. Georgian-language literature and a foreign language to all the entrants will have to pass the test. Third compulsory subject in the chosen direction is determined. technical career math student pass, humanitarian cases – history.
The student is still not going to be limited in their choice of profession and the desired list as technical, and humanitarian programs to be able to reference. Accordingly, He will be able to simultaneously pass the math and history, If the course, The desire and ability to have a.
2020 Unified National Exams in mandatory subjects on the list will no longer be a test of skills. However, universities will be able to add specific direction or skills test, or this or that specialty for them a priority subject. at the same time, skills test will be choosing the list of things.
2020 The funding will be replaced in the rule, It required a new list of things to consider include. What will you specifically grant funding rules, In this issue of the National Assessment and Examination Center work. The ministry says, The new approach will be taken into account the interests of developing entrants. 2020 On the entrance exams are scheduled to be closer to the school program. According to the Minister of Education, If orientation is done at school, School programs and may not be a big difference between the entrance exam subjects. That is why the institution has been the difference minimization plans.
Azeri and Armenian entrants neither in nor in the future nothing will change with regard to Georgian. As the current law, Their enrollment in the old format will continue. As for the Abkhazian and Ossetian entrants, Last summer, the decision of the, They like aptitude test, Ossetian and Abkhazian language test pass. It should be noted, the compulsory basic education, which has so far 9 defined class, 10 will go up.
What is the reason for these changes and the goal?
The new models of the National Examinations Center to name the four components: Strengthening the role of the school, and not focus on the outcome of the examination, The gradual increase in university autonomy and parental cost reduction. The authors claim that the reform, Changes to special research and consultations on the basis of the prepared.
The main factor, the new model has the authors say, is, that pupils, at least, 12 Examination of the national exam and had high school diploma. According to the reform, this limit will be reduced to 3. only the concentration exams, According to the authors of the new examination model, School weakened role. The process of learning outside school, Private tutoring and moved it, turn, Pupils unequal situation, because it is directly related to their social situation. According to statistical data, 1000 More than 80% of households with income of more than a private tutor prepares the child, while 400 Larisa and lower-income families only 30% not the same. As the authors of the reform, I left school at the highest rate was in the tenth grade,, That's because I was starting 11th grade high school exams. 13%-More than likely awarded tenth grade exams "fear" abandoned.
The authors focus on the reform of university autonomy extension. They say, institutions may complained, the students did not participate in the selection process. Consultations resulted in a decision, the University of choice, What component adds. This means, that the universities can take one or (if you want) Two of the exam, Among them is a test of skills. at the same time, higher education institutions in a given direction, priorities, Each exam will have the right to object to the barrier to define themselves.
Despite all of this, examinations centralized form again, National Assessment and Examination Center will conduct. The ministry says, Our country is the only, where so many test – as acceptable, Well prom – centrally held.
Why and by whom it is heard criticism?
Examination of the new model has different opinions. Critics of the reform, the school leaving exams by removing the problem is not solved. their opinion, The reform process should be applied to the study of more fundamental changes are made, This exam than removal, Change or add to. Parents and specialists of opinion, When it comes to strengthening the role of the school or to focus on the outcome of the, should take into account the shortcomings of the national curriculum, The lack of qualified teachers, class pupils excessive points and so on.
private tuition issue, with opinions divided. parents and students think, the school to allow the relevant knowledge, do not need to be raised. But on the other hand, Teachers and students' low motivation of responsibility about the low quality.
As for the growth of university autonomy, Examination by the universities to add a part of the possible corruption of provoking. their opinion, When exams are held centrally, much higher degree of objectivity, than in the case of, When this higher educational level is assessed.
What does the numbers?
2019 According to the data, The total number of teachers across the country 65 281 up. from here 7 826 teacher at a private school in the works, 57 455 Yes – the public. The number of retired teachers 16 014 up.
2018 In the whole country 39 529-graduated from school pupils, student to – 27 906. The data was slightly different 2017 in, When the school 38 803-pupils and students have graduated 28 176 to.