around the world, including Georgia, Women live longer, than men. The World Health Organization reports, 2016 the average life expectancy rate 72 year was. At data, The average life expectancy in women 74 year and 2 months, among men – 69 year and 8 month. 2010 in the United States 100 over 53364 people lived, Only 9126 was a man, 44202 Yes – Female. Why do women live longer than men? BBC writes, In addition to the three main reasons for this and one of the – genes.
Human Mortality Database 40 The statistical data include. Research by appointment at Berkeley, the University of California and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Institute.
From this base in Sweden in the mortality rate 1751 On further includes data, French data 1816 Since counted, while Russia and Japan – Only in the 20th century in the middle of the last century.
According to scientists, If you look at all the data on any, It will be evident, that the probability of life expectancy at birth for women to have more, than men: Apparently, From the outset, they are highly insecure just because, that men are born.
Studies say, that male embryos are more often die, than female; to 20-30% over the boy to die of pregnancy late period; 14-%-for more than a boy born prematurely; Also boys, As a rule, grew bigger and so are the dangers of childbirth injuries have more.
Human Gender sex chromosome pair is determined: Women in this case is two X-chromosomes, of men – X and Y v.
Chromosomes contain genes. Scientists explained, X-chromosome is much stronger and more gene carrier, It helps people to save the. Y v-chromosomes in even less than genius.
As the X-chromosome gene carries the more important for life, Therefore, it is the problems for a man more disastrous results, than women, having a "backup" of the X-chromosomes.
interesting, This is the opposite of the Bird. Male birds have two X chromosomes,, That is why they live longer than females.
During adolescence, boys and girls in the body becomes serious changes. Man-hormone testosterone – affects bone and muscle tissue development. That is why a man is physically stronger than women. Testosterone is responsible for the characteristics of the other man. for example, Low-pitched or chest charbtmianobas This hormone determines.
Among men, the mortality rate increases in late adolescence, Because this time the rate of testosterone to grow. Scientists explain this connection, that in this age of increased testosterone men are pushing a variety of risky behaviors. for example, physical confrontation, a motorcycle or a car driving at high speed towards the other, and the pursuit of the thrill. Besides, Men are more prone to suicidal.
few years ago, South Korean scientist Khan Hamdan pkharma imperial, Joseon dynasty (19th century) Records examined. He examined data, which 81 eunuch was. They previously dakodes, Before approaching the age of sexual maturity. scientists discovered, That the Sachuris approx 70 They lived this year, While other men of the Imperial Court averaged only 50 Reached the year. more, Three Sachuris 100 He lived for more than a year.
Scientists also cite that famous fact, That men, Just like it is in animals, Who had their testicles removed, They live longer, Than those of the male sex, Which do not decode.
However, it is not just about the male hormone. It turned out, That the female hormone estrogen is a kind of "antioxidant", Which removes harmful substances from the body, Which in turn negatively affect the processes going on in the cells of the body. According to a study of female animals, Unlike men, Those female animals, Which were not sterilized and estrogen was secreted into their body, They lived longer, Than sterilized.
2005 Studies conducted by Spanish scientists this year have shown, That estrogen increases the activity of genes, Which is directly related to life expectancy. This also applies to the production of antioxidant enzymes. According to specialists, Estrogen can also be a harmful substance from the body – Expel cholesterol, Which in turn is a kind of protection against heart disease.
How important activities and lifestyles are?
This is also an important factor. In those areas, Where there are military conflicts or armed confrontations, Men's life expectancy is drastically reduced. After all, mostly men die during such events and at an early age. at the same time, The life expectancy of those women is short, Who live in such regions, Where the health care system is poorly developed and many women die during childbirth. There are such regions as well, Where the life expectancy of women and men is dramatically different. This is partly explained by, That the number of smoking men there is much higher. Excessive amounts of food are common among males in these regions, Alcohol and drug use, Which drastically reduces their life expectancy.
Long life is directly proportional to health?
not. 16-from 60 Women under the age of in any country more often turn to a doctor for help, Than men of the same age. According to a study by scientists at the University of Alabama, That women in Western countries are more likely to seek medical help, They take more medicine and spend more time in the hospital ward, than men. According to specialists, in many countries, As in the West, Well in the East, The physical abilities of older women are much more limited, Than men of their age.
This difference will never change?
Recent studies confirm this, That the difference between the life expectancy of a woman and a man will be reduced in the next ten years. A study conducted at one of the colleges in London showed, That the difference between the life expectancy of a woman and a man in the UK 2030 There will be only one year and nine months for the year.
According to the British National Statistics Office, Life expectancy of male infants, Who are now born, average 79 Year and 2 months. At data, Infant girls, Who are now born in the UK, average 82 and in 9 They will live for a month.
According to another British study, The difference between the life expectancy of a woman and a man 2032 Will be completely deleted by the year: tobacco and alcohol consumption reduction in life expectancy for men has a positive impact, because of their dependence on men more often suffer, than women. The, Progress in the fight against heart disease, It is mainly a problem for men.
According to researchers, Reducing road accidents worldwide has a positive impact on men's life expectancy.